Poland: Government

Republic of Poland Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Poland

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Andrzej Duda

Head of Government: Prime Minister Beata Szydlo

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Poland

Constitution: Adopted: 1997; This constitution transformed Poland from a single-party system to a multi-party one and instituted a free market economic system as opposed to the previous socialistic system.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is the head of state, supreme representative of Poland internationally, and has the power to dissolve parliament in special cases. Prime minister proposes the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers and submits a program which outlines the government's agenda to the Sejm.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, while the prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the Sejm.

5 years

Judicial

Court of last resort of appeal against judgments in the lower courts.

Court judges are nominated by the Krajowa Rada Sadownictwa (National Council of the Judiciary) and are appointed by the president.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Meet on three occasions: taking an oath of office by a president, binding an indictment against the President of the Republic to the Tribunal of State, and a declaration of the president's permanent incapacity to exercise duties due to their health.

Senate members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies. Sejm members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Poland is a driving force in regional military arrangements and sees itself as a bridge between its eastern neighbors and both NATO and the EU. Poland participates in international security missions managed by NATO and the EU, and continues to provide staffing for NATO's Kosovo Force (KFOR) as well as a formed police unit for the EU Rule of Law Mission there. Poland is the fifth largest contributor to NATO’s International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan and is the operational lead in Ghazni Province. Polish military forces previously served in Operation Iraqi Freedom and served in the NATO Training Mission in Iraq until its successful conclusion in December 2011.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Arctic Council Australia Group BIS BSEC CBSS CD
CE CEI CERN EAPC EBRD EIB
ESA EU FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IEA IFC IFRCS
IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA MONUSCO NATO NEA NSG
OAS OECD OIF OPCW OSCE PCA
Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO
UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Antarctic Seals Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification
Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary