- Chief of State:
- President Andrzej Duda
- Head of Government:
- Prime Minister Beata Szydlo
- Government Name:
- Republic of Poland
- Adopted: 1997; This constitution transformed Poland from a single-party system to a multi-party one and instituted a free market economic system as opposed to the previous socialistic system.
- Government Type:
Index of Economic Freedom
Country Risk Rating
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle 1|
President is the head of state, supreme representative of Poland internationally, and has the power to dissolve parliament in special cases. Prime minister proposes the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers and submits a program which outlines the government's agenda to the Sejm.
President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, while the prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the Sejm.
Court of last resort of appeal against judgments in the lower courts.
Court judges are nominated by the Krajowa Rada Sadownictwa (National Council of the Judiciary) and are appointed by the president.
Mandatory retirement age of 65
Meet on three occasions: taking an oath of office by a president, binding an indictment against the President of the Republic to the Tribunal of State, and a declaration of the president's permanent incapacity to exercise duties due to their health.
Senate members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies. Sejm members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.
Regional Trade Blocs
International Organization Participation 
Environmental Agreements 
Tax Information 
- Tax Authority:
- Ministry of Finance
- Tax Name:
- ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
- EY, http://www.ey.com
- CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
- U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/