People [1]

People

Population 37,950,802 (2020)
Population Growth Rate -0.039 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 51.417 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 60.043 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.8 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.856 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 154.132 billion kWh (2019) #27
Consumption 152.573 billion kWh (2019) #24
Exports 7.245 billion kWh (2019) #25
Imports 17.868 billion kWh (2019) #14
Renewable Electricity Generation 27.663 billion kWh (2020) #37

Oil

Ranking
Production 42.139 thousand bbl/day (2020) #64
Consumption 662.503 thousand bbl/day (2020) #30
Exports (Refined) [3] 5.162 thousand bbl/day (2013) #70
Imports (Refined) [3] 532.3 thousand bbl/day (2013) #19
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.113 billion bbl (2021) #69

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 217.117 billion cu ft (2015) #53
Consumption (Dry) 757.992 billion cu ft (2020) #37
Exports (Dry) 24.896 billion cu ft (2019) #41
Imports (Dry) 587.402 billion cu ft (2020) #19
Proved Reserves 3.231 trillion cu ft (2021) #53

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 126 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 51,098,747 (2018 est.)
Highways 420,000 km (2016)
Internet Users 28,237,820 (2016 est.)
Railways 19,231 km (2016)
Telephones 6,575,246 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral Europe, east of Germany
Total Area312,685 sq. km
Land Area304,255 sq. km
Water Area8,430 sq. km
Coastline440 km
Climatetemperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrainmostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Lowest Pointnear Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
Highest Point Rysy 2,499 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020