People [1]

People

Population 37,975,841 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 0.015 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 46.157 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 60.105 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 4 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.451 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 155 billion kWh (2015) #25
Consumption 144 billion kWh (2015) #24
Exports 15 billion kWh (2015) #13
Imports 14 billion kWh (2015) #16
Renewable Electricity Generation 23 billion kWh (2015) #33

Oil

Ranking
Production 41 thousand bbl/day (2017) #63
Consumption 578 thousand bbl/day (2016) #32
Exports (Refined) [3] 5.162 thousand bbl/day (2013) #70
Imports (Refined) [3] 532.3 thousand bbl/day (2013) #19
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.1 billion bbl (2018) #62

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 217 billion cu ft (2015) #40
Consumption (Dry) 643 billion cu ft (2015) #39
Exports (Dry) 2 billion cu ft (2015) #45
Imports (Dry) 428 billion cu ft (2015) #24
Proved Reserves 2.8 trillion cu ft (2018) #54

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 126 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 55,878,845 (2016 est.)
Highways 417,026 km (2014)
Internet Users 28,237,820 (2016 est.)
Railways 19,231 km (2015)
Telephones 9,345,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral Europe, east of Germany
Total Area312,685 sq. km
Land Area304,255 sq. km
Water Area8,430 sq. km
Coastline440 km
Climatetemperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrainmostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Lowest Pointnear Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
Highest Point Rysy 2,499 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017