People [1]

People

Population 37,781,024 (2021)
Population Growth Rate -0.312 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 52.952 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 60.075 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.7 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 76.6 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 166.56 billion kWh (2021) #24
Consumption 163.24 billion kWh (2021) #24
Exports 14.21 billion kWh (2021) #16
Imports 15.1 billion kWh (2021) #17
Renewable Electricity Generation 30.9 billion kWh (2021) #34

Oil

Ranking
Production 37.63 thousand bbl/day (2021) #65
Consumption 701.95 thousand bbl/day (2021) #28
Exports (Refined) [3] 5.162 thousand bbl/day (2013) #70
Imports (Refined) [3] 532.3 thousand bbl/day (2013) #19
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.113 billion bbl (2021) #69

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 217.117 billion cu ft (2015) #53
Consumption (Dry) 801.21 billion cu ft (2021) #36
Exports (Dry) 4.32 billion cu ft (2021) #50
Imports (Dry) 625.61 billion cu ft (2021) #20
Proved Reserves 3.231 trillion cu ft (2021) #53

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 126 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 51,098,747 (2018 est.)
Highways 420,000 km (2016)
Internet Users 28,237,820 (2016 est.)
Railways 19,231 km (2016)
Telephones 6,575,246 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral Europe, east of Germany
Total Area312,685 sq. km
Land Area304,255 sq. km
Water Area8,430 sq. km
Coastline440 km
Climatetemperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrainmostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Lowest Pointnear Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
Highest Point Rysy 2,499 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020