Republic of Congo: History

  1. 1482

    Diogo Cao, a Portuguese navigator, visits the coastal areas. It is the first recorded exploration of the area by a European.

  2. 1880

    The Congo becomes a French protectorate after Pierre Savorgnon de Brazza, a French explorer, forms an agreement with a native tribe.

  3. 1946

    Congo is given representation in the French parliament and is allowed to form local assemblies.

  4. 1960

    Congo becomes independent and Fulbert Youlou is elected by the National Assembly president.

  5. Early 1990s

    After the fall of the Soviet Union, the Congo gradually moderated their economic and political views away from Marxism. In 1992, a multi-party system of government was approved.

  6. 1997

    Approaching the 1997 elections, tensions rise between two political camps and quickly escalate to a full scale civil war that lasts four months.

  7. 2003

    A peace agreement is signed between the government and Ninja rebels, who had been fighting for the past year, returning the country to relative peace.

  8. 2010

    The Paris Club and Brazil agree to forgive all of Congo’s debt owed to them, equaling about $2.4 billion.


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