• Diogo Cao, a Portuguese navigator, visits the coastal areas. It is the first recorded exploration of the area by a European.
  • The Congo becomes a French protectorate after Pierre Savorgnon de Brazza, a French explorer, forms an agreement with a native tribe.
  • Congo is given representation in the French parliament and is allowed to form local assemblies.
  • Congo becomes independent and Fulbert Youlou is elected by the National Assembly president.
  • After the fall of the Soviet Union, the Congo gradually moderated their economic and political views away from Marxism. In 1992, a multi-party system of government was approved.
  • Approaching the 1997 elections, tensions rise between two political camps and quickly escalate to a full scale civil war that lasts four months.
  • A peace agreement is signed between the government and Ninja rebels, who had been fighting for the past year, returning the country to relative peace.
  • The Paris Club and Brazil agree to forgive all of Congo‚Äôs debt owed to them, equaling about $2.4 billion.

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new