Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Government

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Flag
Coat of Arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Frederick Ballantyne

Head of Government: Prime Minister Ralph E. Gonsalves

Overview

Government Name: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Constitution: Adopted: 1979; Like many other countries associated with the United Kingdom, the Constitution of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines outlines the basic fundamental rights and freedoms of its people. In addition, the document provides information regarding the structure, functions, and elections of each of its governing branches. Other miscellaneous topics such as finance and the public service as covered as well.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Monarch of the United Kingdom acts as a ceremonial figurehead, governor-general represents the queen, and prime minister provides advice for the governor-general and leads the cabinet of ministers.

Governor-general is appointed by the monarch and prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

Governor-general and prime minister: At the monarch's discretion

Judicial

Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court presides over multiple countries, one justice resides in St. Kitts.

Appointed by British monarch and the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Main legislative body for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Fifteen members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 6 members are appointed by the governor-general.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: St. Vincent and the Grenadines maintains close ties to the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, and is a member of regional political and economic organizations such as the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and CARICOM. St. Vincent and the Grenadines is also a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of American States (OAS), and the Association of Caribbean States (ACS). St. Vincent and the Grenadines has chosen to recognize Taiwan instead of the People's Republic of China.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM, OECS

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS C Caricom CDB CELAC
FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC IOM ISO ITU MIGA NAM
OAS OECS OPANAL OPCW Petrocaribe UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO
WIPO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary