Key Figures

Chief of State:
Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Frederick Ballantyne
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Ralph E. Gonsalves


Government Name:
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Adopted: 1979; Like many other countries associated with the United Kingdom, the Constitution of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines outlines the basic fundamental rights and freedoms of its people. In addition, the document provides information regarding the structure, functions, and elections of each of its governing branches. Other miscellaneous topics such as finance and the public service as covered as well.
Government Type:
Parliamentary Democracy
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Flag
Coat of Arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

There is no Country Risk Rating for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

Monarch of the United Kingdom acts as a ceremonial figurehead, governor-general represents the queen, and prime minister provides advice for the governor-general and leads the cabinet of ministers.

Governor-general is appointed by the monarch and prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

Governor-general and prime minister: At the monarch's discretion


Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court presides over multiple countries, one justice resides in St. Kitts.

Appointed by British monarch and the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 65


Main legislative body for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Fifteen members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 6 members are appointed by the governor-general.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets