San Marino: Government

Republic of San Marino Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of San Marino

Key Figures

Chief of State: Captains Regent Massimo Andrea Ugolini and Gian Nicola Berti

Head of Government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Pasquale Valentini

Overview

Government Name: Republic of San Marino

Constitution: Adopted: 1600, but electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution; Describes the various councils of San Marino, courts, a number of administrative positions, including the Captains-Regent, and the powers assigned to them. Also contains a declaration of citizen rights and the fundamental principles of the juridical order of San Marino.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The captain regents represent the state and supervise the functioning of public powers and State institutions, as well the compliance of their activities with the principles enshrined in the “Declaration on the Citizens’ Rights and Fundamental Principles of San Marino Constitutional Order” and in the legislation in force.

Indirectly elected by parliament.

6 months

Judicial

The Council of Twelve focuses upon examination of differences between first and third instance appeals with regards to voluntary jurisdiction, consenting the alienation of endowments, and other legal matters.

Elected by Grand and General Council.

5 years

Legislative

Besides general legislation, the Grand and General Council approves the budget and elects the Captains Regent, the State Congress, the Council of Twelve, the Advising Commissions, and the Government Unions. The Council also has the power to ratify treaties with other countries.

Members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: San Marino maintains official relations with 108 states. It also cooperates with UNICEF and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and has official relations with the European Union (EU).

Regional Trade Blocs: No regional trade blocs.

Treaties: No major military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CE FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ITU ITUC
LAIA OPCW OSCE Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD
UNESCO Union Latina UNWTO UPU WHO WIPO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Desertification Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary