Senegal: Government

Republic of Senegal Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Senegal

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Macky Sall

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mohammed Dionne

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Senegal

Constitution: Adopted 2001; The constitution of Senegal is divided into these headings: The State and the Sovereignty, Public Liberties and the Person, The President of the Republic, Opposition, Relationship Between the Legislative Power and the Executive Power, The Judicial Power, International Treaties and Agreements, and Amendments.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Political system remains dominated by the office of the presidency.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime minister is appointed by the president.

7 years

Judicial

The judiciary, like the legislature, has also been subservient to the wishes of the executive branch.

Appointment by president.

6 years

Legislative

Legislature, while open to opposition viewpoints, has little direct control over the executive branch.

In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 90 members are elected by plurality vote and 60 members are elected by proportional representation.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: President Senghor advocated close relations with France and negotiation and compromise as the best means of resolving international differences. To a large extent, the two succeeding Presidents carried on Senghor's policies and philosophies. Senegal has long supported functional integration among French-speaking West African states through the West African Economic and Monetary Union. Senegal has a high profile in many international organizations and was a member of the UN Security Council in 1988-89. It was elected to the UN Commission on Human Rights in 1997. Friendly to the West, especially to France and to the United States, Senegal also is a vigorous proponent of more assistance from developed countries to developing nations. The country sent 500 troops as the 19th-largest contingent as part of the active-duty multinational force in the 1990-1991 Gulf War theater of operations. Senegal enjoys mostly cordial relations with its neighbors. Progress has been made on many fronts with Mauritania, including border security, resource management, economic integration, and the return of an estimated 30,000 Afro-Mauritanian refugees living in Senegal.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CD CPLP ECOWAS
FAO FZ G-15 G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA MINUSMA MONUSCO NAM
OIC OIF OPCW PCA UN UNAMID
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNMIL UNMISS
UNOCI UNWTO UPU WADB WAEMU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary