Serbia: History

  1. 1878

    Serbia wins its independence after defeating the Ottoman Empire in the Serbo-Turkish war.

  2. 1918

    Following World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Serbia joins the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.

  3. 1929

    The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes is renamed the Kingdom Yugoslavia.

  4. 1991

    Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, and Bosnia break away from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Montenegro and Serbia join together to form the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

  5. 1992

    Both Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina declare themselves as independent nations. Widespread war and conflicts ensues throughout the region. The United Nations places strict economic and political sanctions on Yugoslavia in an attempt to bring peace to the region.

  6. 1995

    The Dayton Accord brings an end to the Bosnian War and the UN sanctions on Yugoslavia.

  7. 2000

    The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia joins the United Nations.

  8. 2002

    Leaders of Yugoslavia, Montenegro, and Serbia sign a European Union mediated accord establishing a new Union of Serbia and Montenegros, which replaces Yugoslavia.

  9. 2006

    Montenegro votes in referendum, by a margin of 55.5%, to separate from Serbia. Serbia responds by declaring itself the independent sovereign successor to the Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

  10. 2008

    United Nations administered Kosovo declares itself independent from Serbia. Serbia called the declaration illegal.

  11. 2008

    Russia and Serbia sign a controversial energy agreement giving Russia control of Serbia's oil distribution network in return for building a pipeline to transport Russia gas through Serbia to southern European Markets. 

  12. 2009

    Following a major economic downturn, Serbia receives a three billion euro loan from the International Monetary Fund and a one billion euro loan from Russia.

  13. 2014

    Serbia begins membership talks with the European Union following the signing of an agreement between Serbia and Kosovo to normalize relations.


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