Somalia: Government

Federal Republic of Somalia Flag
Coat of Arms of Federal Republic of Somalia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud

Head of Government: Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke

Overview

Government Name: Federal Republic of Somalia

Constitution: Adopted: 2012; Provides for a parliamentarian system of government by establishing its structure with the president being the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government. It also establishes a bicameral legislature which consists of the Senate and the National Assembly of Somalia to create the Federal Parliament of Somalia.

Government Type: Federated Parliamentary Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is commander-in-chief of the military forces and holds full executive power. Cabinet advises the president and operates government services.

President is elected by parliament while the prime minister is elected by the president with the approval of the parliament.

Yet to be determined

Judicial

Independent from the executive and legislature, and is required by the constitution of the state.

Selected by Judicial Service Commission and appointed by president.

Yet to be determined

Legislative

Elects the president, speaker of parliament, and deputy speakers. Also has the authority to pass and veto laws.

Upper House of the Federal Parliament members are elected by regional governing councils, and the House of the People members are elected by popular vote.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Following the collapse of the Barre regime, the foreign policy of the various entities in Somalia, including the TFG, has centered on gaining international recognition, winning international support for national reconciliation, and obtaining international economic assistance.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AFESD AMF AU CAEU
FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM ITSO
ITU LAS NAM OIC UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Desertification Endangered Species Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary