Somalia: History


  1. Late 1800s

    Somalia, at this time called Somaliland, is claimed by and occupied by several countries including Egypt, France, Britain, and Italy.

  2. 1960

    British and Italian parts of Somalia become independent and merge to form the United Republic of Somalia.

  3. 1970

    Leader Mohamed Siad Barre declares Somalia a socialist state and nationalizes most of the economy.

  4. 1974

    Somalia joins the Arab League.

  5. 1991

    The former British protectorate of Somaliland declares unilateral independence.

  6. 2004

    An inauguration of a new transitional parliament in Kenya marks the 14th attempt since 1991 to restore central government.

  7. 2008

    The UN security council votes to permit countries to send warships into Somalia's waters to fend off attacks by pirates.

  8. 2010

    Somali pirates account for 49 out of 52 ships seized worldwide.

  9. 2013

    International donors pledge $2.4 billion to aid in the reconstruction of Somalia and to strengthen the economy and security.

Glossary