Somalia, at this time called Somaliland, is claimed by and occupied by several countries including Egypt, France, Britain, and Italy.
British and Italian parts of Somalia become independent and merge to form the United Republic of Somalia.
Leader Mohamed Siad Barre declares Somalia a socialist state and nationalizes most of the economy.
Somalia joins the Arab League.
The former British protectorate of Somaliland declares unilateral independence.
An inauguration of a new transitional parliament in Kenya marks the 14th attempt since 1991 to restore central government.
The UN security council votes to permit countries to send warships into Somalia's waters to fend off attacks by pirates.
Somali pirates account for 49 out of 52 ships seized worldwide.
International donors pledge $2.4 billion to aid in the reconstruction of Somalia and to strengthen the economy and security.