South Sudan: Government

Republic of South Sudan Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of South Sudan

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Salva Kiir Mayardit

Head of Government: President Salva Kiir Mayardit

Overview

Government Name: Republic of South Sudan

Constitution: Adopted: 2011; Replaced the pre-existing 2005 Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan. The Constitution establishes a presidential system of government headed by a President who is Head of State, Head of Government, and the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of state, head of government, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

President is elected by direct popular vote.

5 years

Judicial

Constitution provides for an independent judiciary.

Appointed by president.

Until dismissal by executive branch

Legislative

Issuing resolutions and directives to guide all levels of government, overseeing national reconstruction, development and equitable service delivery in the states, and approving plans, programs and policies of the National Government.

Elected through popular vote.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Sudan was the first country to recognize South Sudan's independence. The parties achieved some agreement on the citizenship of southerners in the north, and on the principles and management structure for a demilitarized border zone. However, several post-CPA issues--including oil management and the status of Abyei--remained unresolved. The parties continue to work through these issues, and the United States remains actively engaged through its support of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) and its chairman, former South African President Thabo Mbeki.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

AU IBRD ICAO IDA IFAD IFC
IFRCS ILO IMF Interpol IOM ITU
MIGA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UPU

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary