Suriname: Government

Republic of Suriname Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Suriname

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Desiré Delano Bouterse

Head of Government: President Desiré Delano Bouterse

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Suriname

Constitution: Adopted: 1987; Following a referendum, the constitution marked the reutrn to democracy after the Bouterse military dictatorship of the 1980's. Divided into chapters, topics such as sovereignty; economic and social goals; international principles; basic rights, individual rights, and freedoms; social, cultural, and economic fights and obligations; structure of the government; and functions of the economic system.

Government Type: Constitutional Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Declares war and states of emergency with the ratification of the National Assembly, concludes foreign treaties and agreements, again with the assent of the Assembly, exercises ceremonial duties such as conferring awards, receiving foreign diplomats, and granting pardons.

President is elected by the National Assembly.

5 years

Judicial

Supervises the magistrate courts.

Appointed by president.

Life appointment

Legislative

Highest institution of the State and represents the people of the republic. Exercise of legislative power is jointly in hands of the National Assembly and the government.

National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée) members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Since taking office in 2010, the Bouterse government has focused on bolstering its regional relationships, assuming leadership positions in multilateral organizations such as the OAS, UNASUR, and CARICOM, and strengthening its ties to France, Venezuela, China, and Cuba. Bilateral relations with The Netherlands have weakened due to its strong statements against the Bouterse presidency and when he assumed office, as well as the decline in economic assistance with the completion of the Treaty Funds.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM

Treaties: South American Defense Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS Caricom CD CELAC FAO
G-77 IADB IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IDB IFAD IFRCS IHO ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IPU ISO ITU
ITUC LAES MIGA NAM OAS OIC
OPANAL OPCW PCA Petrocaribe UN UNASUR
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary