Dutch traders claim the island as a base for Dutch commerce with Japan and the Chinese coast.
The island is made into a separate Chinese province.
China cedes Taiwan to Japan following the first Sino-Japanese war.
At the end of World War II, Taiwan is returned to Chinese rule.
Following a civil war on mainland China, the losing Kuomintang (KMT) establish a provisional Republic of China on Taiwan while the People's Republic of China (PRC) is formed on mainland China by the victorious communists.
Taipei, the capital of Taiwan, lifts a 50-year ban on direct trade and investment with China.
Taiwan officially enters the World Trade Organization.
The country's attempt to join the United Nations under the name Taiwan is rejected.
Taiwan and China sign a free trade pact.
Taiwan and China sign an investment protection deal that sets up formal arrangements on how to settle investment disputes between the two nations.