The Gambia: History

  1. 1455

    Portugal establishes trading posts along the Gambia river.

  2. 1588

    Portugal sells exclusive trade rights on the Gambia river to the English.

  3. 1783

    Great Britain is given possession of The Gambia in the Treaty of Versailles that ends the American Revolution.

  4. 1889

    Britain and France reach an agreement on The Gambia's boundaries, and it becomes a British Crown Colony.

  5. 1906

    Slavery is banned.

  6. 1965

    The Gambia gains independence as a constitutional monarchy within the British Commonwealth.

  7. 1970

    The Gambia becomes a republic.

  8. 1982

    The Treaty of Confederation is signed between Senegal and The Gambia after an attempted coup against The Gambia's president. The treaty creates the Senegambia Confederation, which aims to combine the nations' armed forces, economies, and currencies.

  9. 1989

    The Gambia withdraws from the Senegambia Confederation.

  10. 1991

    The Gambia and Senegal sign a friendship treaty.

  11. 1996

    A new constitution with a multiparty system is put into effect.


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