Turkmenistan: Government

Turkmenistan Flag
Coat of Arms of Turkmenistan

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow

Head of Government: President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow

Overview

Government Name: Turkmenistan

Constitution: Adopted: 2008; The preamble of the constitution emphasizes self-determination, the rule of law, and rights for the Turkmen people. The fundamental organs of the republic, financial & economic provisions, and miscellaneous other provisions are also components. Constitutional reforms resulted in the abolition of the Council and a significant increase in the size of Parliament in December 2008. The Constitution also enables the formation of multiple political parties.

Government Type: Republic under Authoritarian Presidential Rule

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of government, commander of the armed forces, and chairman of the parliament.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

Although the constitution calls for an independent judiciary, in practice the judicial branch is under the control of the president because of his authority to appoint and dismiss judges.

Appointed by president.

Until dismissal by executive branch

Legislative

Examine a wide range of public policies.

National Assembly (Mejlis) members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Turkmenistan's declaration of "permanent neutrality" was formally recognized by the United Nations in 1995. Although the Government of Turkmenistan has favored high-profile purchases from the United States like Boeing aircraft, it has significant commercial relationships with Turkey, Russia, and Iran, and increasingly with China. The government worked closely with the Taliban regime in Afghanistan until September 11, 2001, and until that time had a growing cross-border trade with the regime in Afghanistan.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB CIS EAPC EBRD ECO ESCAP
FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IDB IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU MIGA
NAM OIC OPCW OSCE PFP UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary