Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Head of Government:
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow


Government Name:
Adopted: 2008; The preamble of the constitution emphasizes self-determination, the rule of law, and rights for the Turkmen people. The fundamental organs of the republic, financial & economic provisions, and miscellaneous other provisions are also components. Constitutional reforms resulted in the abolition of the Council and a significant increase in the size of Parliament in December 2008. The Constitution also enables the formation of multiple political parties.
Government Type:
Republic under Authoritarian Presidential Rule
Turkmenistan Flag
Coat of Arms of Turkmenistan

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

Head of government, commander of the armed forces, and chairman of the parliament.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years


Although the constitution calls for an independent judiciary, in practice the judicial branch is under the control of the president because of his authority to appoint and dismiss judges.

Appointed by president.

Until dismissal by executive branch


Examine a wide range of public policies.

National Assembly (Mejlis) members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

No Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets