People [1]

People

Population 5,758,075 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 1.673 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 54.295 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 51.153 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 40.6 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 67.835 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 21 billion kWh (2016) #74
Consumption 15 billion kWh (2016) #78
Exports 3.2 billion kWh (2016) #40
Imports 0 billion kWh (2016) #105

Oil

Ranking
Production 279 thousand bbl/day (2017) #33
Consumption 149 thousand bbl/day (2016) #67
Exports (Refined) [3] 70.74 thousand bbl/day (2013) #40
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.6 billion bbl (2018) #41

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 2,910 billion cu ft (2015) #13
Consumption (Dry) 1,388 billion cu ft (2017) #27
Exports (Dry) 1,347 billion cu ft (2017) #10
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #78
Proved Reserves 265 trillion cu ft (2018) #6

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 26 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 8,575,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 58,592 km (2002)
Internet Users 951,925 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,980 km (2014)
Telephones 665,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan
Total Area488,100 sq. km
Land Area469,930 sq. km
Water Area18,170 sq. km
Coastline0 km
Climatesubtropical desert
Terrainflat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west
Lowest PointVpadina Akchanaya -81 m; note - Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya (the lake has dropped as low as -110 m)
Highest Point Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017