United States: Government

United States of America Flag
Coat of Arms of United States of America

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Barack H. Obama

Head of Government: President Barack H. Obama

Overview

Government Name: United States of America

Constitution: Founded: 1787, is the supreme law of the United States that addresses separation of powers into three branches, explains federalism, relationships between states as well as a bill of rights.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Led by the president, ensures the execution of the US laws.

Elected by an electoral college.

4 years

Judicial

System of the courts, interprets and applies laws.

Appointed by executive branch.

Life appointment

Legislative

Power to pass, amend and repeal laws, ability to raise or lower taxes, create budgets and other money bills.

Senate 100 members are elected by plurality vote, and House of Representatives 435 members are elected by plurality vote.

Senate: 6 years; House of Representatives: 2 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Primary concerns of the United States' foreign policy include protecting U.S. citizens from terrorist attack, creating economic growth, reducing dependence on imported energy, reducing illegal immigration, dealing with global climate change, and strengthening the United Nations.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, NAFTA, DR-CAFTA

Treaties: NATO


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB ANZUS APEC Arctic Council ARF
ASEAN Australia Group BIS BSEC CBSS CD
CE CERN CICA CP EAPC EAS
EBRD EITI ESCAP FAO FATF G-10
G-20 G-5 G-7 G-8 IADB IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IEA
IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA MINUSMA
MINUSTAH MONUSCO NAFTA NATO NEA NSG
OAS OECD OPCW OSCE Pacific Alliance Paris Club
PCA PIF SAARC SELEC SICA SPC
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNITAR UNMIL
UNMISS UNRWA UNSC UNTSO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Antarctic Seals Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification
Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Internal Revenue Service

Tax Name: Sales taxes and complementary use taxes are imposed and administered at the state (subnational) and local (substate) levels.


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary