United States: Government

United States of America Flag
Coat of Arms of United States of America

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Barack H. Obama

Head of Government: President Barack H. Obama

Overview

Government Name: United States of America

Constitution: Founded: 1787, is the supreme law of the United States that addresses separation of powers into three branches, explains federalism, realtuionships between states as well as a bill of rights.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Led by the president, ensures the execution of the US laws.

Elected by an electoral college.

4 years

Judicial

System of the courts, interprets and applies laws.

Appointed by executive branch.

Life appointment

Legislative

Power to pass, amend and repeal laws, ability to raise or lower taxes, create budgets and other money bills.

Senate 100 members are elected by plurality vote, and House of Representatives 435 members are elected by plurality vote.

Senate: 6 years; House of Representatives: 2 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Primary concerns of the United States' foreign policy include protecting U.S. citizens from terrorist attack, creating economic growth, reducing dependence on imported energy, reducing illegal immigration, dealing with global climate change, and strengthening the United Nations.

Regional Trade Blocks: APEC, NAFTA, DR-CAFTA

Treaties: NATO


Tax Authority: Internal Revenue Service

Tax Name: Sales taxes and complementary use taxes are imposed and administered at the state (subnational) and local (substate) levels.


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary