United States: History

  1. 1565

    The first permanent European settlement is established at St. Augustine, which is located in present-day Florida.

  2. 1774

    Colonists form the First Continental Congress as Britain closes down Boston Harbor and deploys troops there.

  3. 1776

    The American Declaration of Independence is endorsed by Congress.

  4. 1783

    Britain accepts loss of the colonies through the Treaty of Paris.

  5. 1787

    The Founding Fathers draw up the Constitution for the United States of America.

  6. 1791

    The Bill of Rights guarantees individual freedoms.

  7. 1803

    The United States purchases the Louisiana territories from France.

  8. 1846-1848

    The United States acquires present-day California and New Mexico from Mexico in the Mexican War.

  9. 1860-1861

    Eleven pro-slavery southern states secede from the Union and form the Confederate States of America, triggering a civil war with the abolitionist northern states.

  10. 1865

    The Confederates are defeated and slavery is abolished under the Thirteenth Amendment.

  11. 1929

    The Wall Street stock market crash triggers the Great Depression.

  12. 1941

    The US fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii is attacked by Japanese warplanes; the US declares war on Japan.

  13. 1945

    The United States drops two atomic bombs on Japan, leading to a Japanese surrender in World War II.

  14. 1950-1953

    US troops play a leading role against North Korean and Chinese forces in the Korean War.

  15. 1972

    Richard Nixon's historic visit to China helps normalize relations between the United States and China.

  16. 1992

    Congress passes the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that intends to create a free trade-bloc among the US, Canada, and Mexico.

  17. 2001

    On September 11th, terrorists hijack four planes in the United States, two of which are crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City.


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