Yemen: Government

Due to political unrest, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Republic of Yemen Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Yemen

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Abd Rabuh Mansur Hadi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Khalid Mahfuz Bahah

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Yemen

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; Defines the republic as independent, sovereign, Arab, and an Islamic country. Also establishes sharia, or Islamic law, as the basis of all laws.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Supreme commander of the armed forces and head of the executive branch of the Yemeni government.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, Prime Minister is appointed by the president, and the Shura Council (Majlis Alshoora) 111 members are appointed by the president.

7 years

Judicial

Theoretically independent but in reality it is prone to interference from the executive branch.

Appointed by executive branch.

Until dismissal by executive branch

Legislative

Enacts laws, sanctions general state policy and the socioeconomic plan, and approves government budgets and final accounts.

House of Representatives (Majlis Annowab) 301 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

6 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Yemen is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Yemen also participates in the nonaligned movement. The Republic of Yemen accepted responsibility for all treaties and debts of its predecessors, the Y.A.R. and the P.D.R.Y. Yemen has acceded to the nuclear nonproliferation treaty.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

AFESD AMF CAEU CD EITI FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC LAS MIGA
MINURSO MINUSMA MONUSCO NAM OAS OIC
OPCW UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNISFA UNMIL UNOCI UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary