Yemen: History

  1. 1500s

    Yemen is absorbed by the Ottoman Empire and is then ejected from the empire in the 1600’s.

  2. 1869

    The Suez Canal opens and serves as a major refueling port.

  3. 1918

    Independence is gained by North Yemen.

  4. 1962

    Civil war breaks out between royalists supported by Saudi Arabia and republicans backed by Egypt.

  5. 1967

    Southern Yemen is formed, later to be known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY).

  6. 1972

    Border clashes between the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) and the PDRY breakout; the Arab League assists in the formation of a ceasefire agreement between the two.

  7. 1990

    The PDRY and YAR become unified as the Republic of Yemen is proclaimed.

  8. 2008

    A series of bomb attacks hit police, diplomatic, foreign business, and tourism targets.

  9. 2009

    The government calls on the West for more support to help it combat the al-Qaeda threat.

  10. 2010

    A global terror alert is issued after packages containing explosives originating in Yemen are intercepted on cargo planes bound for the United States.

  11. 2011

    A state of emergency is declared as the unrest in Yemen puts the country at risk for another civil war.

  12. 2013

    The National Dialogue Conference in Yemen begins with the aim of drafting a new constitution.


BBC News