Zimbabwe: Government

Republic of Zimbabwe Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Zimbabwe

Key Figures

Chief of State: Executive President Robert Gabriel Mugabe

Head of Government: Executive President Robert Gabriel Mugabe

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Zimbabwe

Constitution: Adopted: 1980; Was adopted as the result of the 1979 Lancaster House Agreement. Outlines topics including the republic and the constitution, citizenship, the declaration of rights, the branches of government, the public service, and miscellaneous provisions.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Has the power to appoint judges, diplomats, cabinet, and department heads, has operational command of government services and contracts, and has the sole power to wage war.

Direct elections for the presidency.

8 years

Judicial

Sole power to interpret the law and apply it to particular disputes, has the power to determine the disposition of prisoners, and power to compel testimony and the production of documents.

Appointed by president.

No term limit

Legislative

Discusses and votes on laws, has the power to write and to enact taxes, and sets the budget.

Direct elections for the 201 constituency seats in the National Assembly and the seats in the urban and rural local authorities.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Historically, Zimbabwe's closest links have been with the U.K.; however, this relationship became very strained when violent land invasions of white-owned farms began in 2000. The government has demonized Britain in the press, blaming the country for Zimbabwe's problems, and claiming that Britain reneged on promises made at Lancaster House to provide money for land reform. As with the U.S., thousands of Zimbabweans studied in the U.K., and private links remain close; however, official relations are strained. Zimbabwe maintains diplomatic relations with virtually every African country, although some ties are closer than others. Zimbabwe developed and maintains close ties with a number of revolutionary states and organizations. Among these are the People's Republic of China, Cuba, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Iran, and the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU COMESA FAO G-15
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW PCA
SADC UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Desertification Endangered Species Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Commissioner General, Zimbabwe Revenue Authority

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary