Zimbabwe: History

  1. 1953

    Britain creates the Central African Federation, comprising Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), and Nyasaland (Malawi).

  2. 1965

    Prime Minister, Ian Smith, issues a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the United Kingdom; the British government considers the UDI unconstitutional and illegal thus leading to the imposition of sanctions.

  3. 1966

    The United Nations Security Council, for the first time in history, imposes mandatory economic sanctions on the state.

  4. 2001

    The economic crisis is officially declared with serious food shortages and the end of foreign reserves, leading to a state of disaster being declared due to threat of famine in 2002.

  5. 2008

    The European Union and the United States widen sanctions against the countries leaders. Zimbabwe declares a national state of emergency over a cholera epidemic and the collapse of the healthcare system.

  6. 2009

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides $400 million in support, as part of a G20 agreement to help member states.

  7. 2011

    The European Union eases sanctions on Zimbabwe.

  8. 2013

    The United States declares that it will not lift sanctions on Zimbabwe until there is further political reform.


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