• Britain creates the Central African Federation, comprising Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), and Nyasaland (Malawi).
  • Prime Minister, Ian Smith, issues a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the United Kingdom; the British government considers the UDI unconstitutional and illegal thus leading to the imposition of sanctions.
  • The United Nations Security Council, for the first time in history, imposes mandatory economic sanctions on the state.
  • The economic crisis is officially declared with serious food shortages and the end of foreign reserves, leading to a state of disaster being declared due to threat of famine in 2002.
  • The European Union and the United States widen sanctions against the countries leaders. Zimbabwe declares a national state of emergency over a cholera epidemic and the collapse of the healthcare system.
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides $400 million in support, as part of a G20 agreement to help member states.
  • The European Union eases sanctions on Zimbabwe.
  • The United States declares that it will not lift sanctions on Zimbabwe until there is further political reform.


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