Azerbaijan: Government

Republic of Azerbaijan Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Azerbaijan

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Ilham Aliyev

Head of Government: Prime Minister Artur Rasizade

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Azerbaijan

Constitution: Adopted: 1995; Contains changes based upon its declaration of independence from the Soviet Union. It discusses the people's power, basis of the state, basic rights, responsibilities, and powers.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president acts as commander-in-chief and is in charge of representing both local and foreign policies. The prime minister heads the national assembly.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president and confirmed by the national assembly.

5 years

Judicial

The constitutional court is the supreme body of constitutional justice on the matters attributed to its jurisdiction by the constitution.

The president and deputy president of court are appointed by the president.

15 years

Legislative

The national assembly is responsible for the creation of laws. The supreme court is the supreme judicial body on civil, criminal, and other cases related to the execution of general and specialized courts.

The national assembly has 125 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Azerbaijan is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), NATO's Partnership for Peace, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership, the World Health Organization, the GUAM (Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova) Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Council of Europe, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Nonaligned Movement, and the World Bank. Azerbaijan is an observer at the Community of Democracies. In 2011, Azerbaijan was elected to the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member, representing the East Europe Group for the 2012-2013 term.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB BSEC CD CE CICA CIS
EAPC EBRD ECO EITI ESCAP FAO
GCTU GUAM IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
NAM OAS OIC OPCW OSCE PFP
SELEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Taxes of Azerbaijan

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary