Germany: Statistics

Budget Expenditures $1.63 trillion (2011 est.)
Budget revenues $1.60 trillion (2012 )
Debt - external $5.62 trillion (2011 )
Distribution Of Family Income - GINI Index 27% (2006 )
Electricity Consumption 509.5 billion kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity Exports 57.92 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Imports 42.96 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Production 576.8 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Exports $1.55 trillion (2011 est.)
GDP - purchasing power parity $3.11 trillion (2011 est.)
Note: data are in 2011 US dollars
GDP - real growth rate 3.1% (2011 est.)
Imports $1.33 trillion (2011 est.)
Industrial production growth rate 8% (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (2011 est.)
Labor force 43.67 million (2011 est.)
Natural Gas Consumption 78.99 billion cu m (2011 est.)
Natural Gas Exports 19.74 billion cu m (2011 est.)
Natural Gas Imports 87.57 billion cu m (2011 est.)
Natural Gas Production 11.9 billion cu m (2011 est.)
Natural Gas Proved Reserves 175.6 billion cu m (2011 est.)
Oil Consumption 2.495 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil Exports 470.2 thousand bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Imports 2.671 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Production 147.2 thousand bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil Proved Reserves 276 million bbl (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate 6% (2011 est.)
Note: this is the International Labor Organization's rate for international comparisons; Germany's Federal Employment Agency reported an annual average unemployment rate of 7.1% for 2011 and 7.7% for 2010.
HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate 0.1% (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate 3.51 deaths per 1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Population 81,305,856 (2012 est.)
Population Below Poverty Line 15.5% (2010 est.)
Population growth rate -0.2% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate 1.41 children per woman (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups:
German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
noun: German(s) adjective: German
Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
Total:357,022 sq. km
Land:348,672 sq. km
Water:8,350 sq. km
Coastline: 2,389 km
temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
Elevation Extremes
Lowest Point:Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m
Highest Point: Zugspitze 2,963 m
Environment - International Agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
International Organization Participation:
ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS, CDB, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-20, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), SICA (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCO, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Airports 541 (2012 )
Cellular Telephones 108,700,000 (2011 )
Highways 644,480 (2008 )
Note: includes local roads
Internet Hosts 20,043,000 (2012 )
Internet Users 65,125,000 (2009 )
Railways 41,981 (2009 )
Telephones 51,800,000 (2011 )


CIA World Factbook