People [1]

People

Population 82,695,000 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 0.42 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 52.737 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 77.261 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.1 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 80.641 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 613 billion kWh (2016) #7
Consumption 537 billion kWh (2016) #6
Exports 79 billion kWh (2016) #1
Imports 28 billion kWh (2016) #5
Renewable Electricity Generation 195 billion kWh (2016) #6

Oil

Ranking
Production 206 thousand bbl/day (2017) #35
Consumption 2,460 thousand bbl/day (2017) #9
Exports (Refined) [3] 6.569 thousand bbl/day (2013) #68
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,844 thousand bbl/day (2013) #6
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.1 billion bbl (2018) #62

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 337 billion cu ft (2015) #48
Consumption (Dry) 3,297 billion cu ft (2017) #8
Exports (Dry) 1,222 billion cu ft (2017) #11
Imports (Dry) 4,219 billion cu ft (2017) #1
Proved Reserves 1.4 trillion cu ft (2018) #61

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 539 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 94,432,800 (2016 est.)
Highways 645,000 km (2010)
Note: includes local roads
Internet Users 72,365,643 (2016 est.)
Railways 43,468 km (2014)
Telephones 44,310,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
Total Area357,022 sq. km
Land Area348,672 sq. km
Water Area8,350 sq. km
Coastline2,389 km
Climatetemperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
Terrainlowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
Lowest PointNeuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m
Highest Point Zugspitze 2,963 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017