People [1]

People

Population 83,132,799 (2019)
Population Growth Rate 0.273 annual % (2019)
Age Dependency Ratio 54.709 % of working-age population (2019)
Urban Population 77.376 % of total (2019)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.2 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 80.893 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2019)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 583.158 billion kWh (2019) #8
Consumption 524.268 billion kWh (2019) #9
Exports 73.042 billion kWh (2019) #2
Imports 40.123 billion kWh (2019) #3
Renewable Electricity Generation 246.543 billion kWh (2019) #6

Oil

Ranking
Production 208.039 thousand bbl/day (2019) #35
Consumption 2,362.299 thousand bbl/day (2019) #10
Exports (Refined) [3] 6.569 thousand bbl/day (2013) #68
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,844 thousand bbl/day (2013) #6
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.102 billion bbl (2020) #68

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 337.258 billion cu ft (2015) #48
Consumption (Dry) 3,285.866 billion cu ft (2018) #8
Exports (Dry) 94.096 billion cu ft (2018) #37
Imports (Dry) 3,152.511 billion cu ft (2018) #3
Proved Reserves 1.003 trillion cu ft (2020) #66

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 539 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 107,500,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 625,000 km (2017)
Internet Users 72,365,643 (2016 est.)
Railways 33,590 km (2017)
Telephones 42,500,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
Total Area357,022 sq. km
Land Area348,672 sq. km
Water Area8,350 sq. km
Coastline2,389 km
Climatetemperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
Terrainlowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
Lowest PointNeuendorf bei Wilster -3.5 m
Highest Point Zugspitze 2,963 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 1/31/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020