Iceland: Statistics

People 
HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate 0.3% (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate 3.18 deaths per 1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Population 313,183 (2012 est.)
Population growth rate 0.674% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate 1.89 children per woman (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups:
homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Nationality:
noun: Icelander(s) adjective: Icelandic
Religions:
Lutheran Church of Iceland 80.7%, Roman Catholic Church 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2% (2006 est.)
Languages:
Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Energy 
Electricity Consumption 15.98 billion kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity Exports 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Imports 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Production 16.77 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Consumption 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Proved Reserves 0 cu m (2012 est.)
Oil Consumption 20.77 thousand bbl/day (2011 est.)
Oil Exports 1.209 thousand bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Imports 15.53 thousand bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Production 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil Proved Reserves 0 bbl (2012 est.)
Technology 
Airports 99 (2012 )
Cellular Telephones 344,100 (2011 )
Highways 12,869 (2009 )
Internet Hosts 369,969 (2012 )
Internet Users 301,600 (2009 )
Telephones 191,100 (2011 )
Geography 
Location:
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom
Area
Total:103,000 sq. km
Land:100,250 sq. km
Water:2,750 sq. km
Coastline: 4,970 km
Climate:
temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Terrain:
mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Elevation Extremes
Lowest Point:Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest Point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,110 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)
Environment - International Agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
International Organization Participation:
Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Sources:

CIA World Factbook

Glossary