Saint Kitts and Nevis: Government

Saint Kitts and Nevis Flag
Coat of Arms of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Samuel W.T. Seaton

Head of Government: Prime Minister Timothy Harris

Overview

Government Name: Saint Kitts and Nevis

Constitution: Adopted: 1983; Briefly overviews topics such as protection of fundamental rights and freedoms, the structures and roles of the governor-general, parliament, and the executive branch, finances, public service, citizenship, judicial provisions, and other miscellaneous information.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Monarch of the United Kingdom acts as a ceremonial figurehead, governor-general represents the queen, and prime minister provides advice for the governor-general and leads the cabinet of ministers.

Governor-general is appointed by the monarch and prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

Governor-General and Prime Minister: At Her Majesty's discretion

Judicial

Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court presides over multiple countries, one justice resides in St. Kitts.

Appointed by British monarch and the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Responsible for drafting legislation.

National Assembly has 11 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 3 members are appointed by the governor-general.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: St. Kitts and Nevis maintains diplomatic relations with the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, Taiwan, Cuba, and South Korea, as well as with many Latin American countries and neighboring Eastern Caribbean states. It is a member of the Commonwealth, the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, the Eastern Caribbean Regional Security System (RSS), and the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM). The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is headquartered in St. Kitts. St. Kitts and Nevis has chosen to recognize Taiwan instead of the People's Republic of China.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM, OECS

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS C Caricom CDB CELAC
FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC ITU MIGA NAM OAS
OECS OPANAL OPCW Petrocaribe UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO WIPO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary