Saint Lucia: Government

Saint Lucia Flag
Coat of Arms of Saint Lucia

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette Louisy

Head of Government: Prime Minister Allen Chastanet

Overview

Government Name: Saint Lucia

Constitution: Adopted: 1979; Serves as a set of rules to regulate the relationship between the three branches of government in addition to the institutions associated with each of these branches. The Constitution also establishes the structures, procedures, powers, and duties of the government to ensure that the country is being governed well. The fundamental rights of the people are also guaranteed to be protected.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Monarch of the United Kingdom acts as a ceremonial figurehead, governor-general represents the queen, and prime minister provides advice for the governor-general and leads the cabinet of ministers.

Governor-general is appointed by the monarch, and prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

Governor-general and prime minister: At the monarch's discretion

Judicial

Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court presides over multiple countries, one justice resides in St. Kitts.

Appointed by British monarch and the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Main legislative body.

Senate members are appointed, and House of Representatives members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Historically, the major thrust of foreign affairs for St. Lucia has been economic development. The government is seeking balanced international relations with emphasis on mutual economic cooperation and trade and investment. It seeks to conduct its foreign policy chiefly through its membership in the OECS. St. Lucia participated in the 1983 Grenada mission, sending members of its Special Services Unit into active duty. St. Lucia is a member of the Commonwealth, the Organization of American States (OAS), and the United Nations. It maintains friendly relations with the major powers active in the Caribbean, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and France. St. Lucia has been active in eastern Caribbean regional affairs through the OECS and CARICOM. In May 2007, St. Lucia established diplomatic relations with Taiwan, ending a 10-year relationship with the People's Republic of China.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM, OECS

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS C Caricom CD CDB
CELAC FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC ISO ITU ITUC
MIGA NAM OAS OECS OIF OPANAL
OPCW Petrocaribe UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands
Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary