Saudi Arabia: Government

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Key Figures

Chief of State: King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Head of Government: King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Constitution: As Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, the country does not possess a legally-binding written constitution. However, the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia was adopted by royal decree in 1992. The Basic Law overviews the responsibilites and processes of the growing institutions, but is insufficiently specific enough to be considered an actual constitution. It also states that the Qu'ran and the Sunna are the country's constitution.

Government Type: Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The royal family dominates the political sphere in Saudi Arabia. The family’s vast numbers (hundreds in the main family alone) have allowed the family to control most of the kingdom’s important posts.

Hereditary.

Hereditary

Judicial

High Court has jurisdiction over cases involving major punishments.

Appointed by royal decree.

Until dismissal by monarch

Legislative

Council of Ministers is responsible for drafting legislation to be presented to the king.

Appointed by royal decree.

Until dismissal by monarch

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Saudi foreign policy objectives are to maintain its security and its paramount position on the Arabian Peninsula, defend general Arab and Islamic interests, promote solidarity among Islamic governments, and maintain cooperative relations with other oil-producing and major oil-consuming countries. The Saudi Government frequently helps mediate regional crises and supports the Middle East peace process.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, GCC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AfDB AFESD AMF BIS CAEU
CP FAO G-20 G-77 GCC IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB
IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU LAS MIGA NAM
OAPEC OAS OIC OPCW OPEC PCA
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNRWA UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary