Sweden: Government

Kingdom of Sweden Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Sweden

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Carl XVI Gustaf

Head of Government: Prime Minister Stefan Löfvén

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Sweden

Constitution: Adopted:1989; Consists of four fundamental laws: The Act of Succession (1810), The Freedom of the Press Act (1949), The Instrument of Government (1974), and The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991). Additionally a law on the internal structure and functions of the Riksdag has a special status, but is not regarded as a fundamental law (The 1974 Riksdag Act).

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Monarch holds a ceremonial title as head of state. The prime minister serves as the head of government while the government of Sweden is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority. Each ministry acts in its specified titled area.

Prime minister elected by parliament.

4 years

Judicial

All courts are independent of the Riksdag and government intervention with the courts decisions is not allowed.

Nominated by Board of Judges, appointed by executive branch.

Life appointment

Legislative

The unicameral Riksdag is the supreme decision-making body in Sweden. It is responsible for enacting laws, amending the constitution, and appointing a government.

310 members are elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system and 39 are distributed by proportional representation.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Government leaders focus political and financial attention on fostering democracy in developing countries, paying particular attention to key African nations. During the Cold War, Sweden was suspicious of the superpowers, which it saw as making decisions affecting small countries without always consulting those countries.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Arctic Council Australia Group BIS CBSS
CD CE CERN EAPC EBRD EIB
EITI ESA EU FAO FATF G-10
IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD
IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA MINUSMA MONUSCO NC NEA
NIB NSG OAS OECD OPCW OSCE
Paris Club PCA PFP Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNISFA UNMISS UNMOGIP
UNRWA UNTSO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary