Economic Trivia

Uruguay was the only country in the Americas that managed to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis of 2008-2009.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, Brazil, and Argentina
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Meat, Oil Seeds, and Wood

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Food Processing; Electrical Machinery; Transportation Equipment; Petroleum Products

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $79,183,811,046 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -5.859% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $22,795 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 98/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 9.756% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $14,349,584,000 (2011)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 41.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 0.327% (2020)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 10.297% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($296,779,026) (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 1,686,696 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 7.922% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.728% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 73.351% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 12.67% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $11,259,392,102 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $13,607,387,749 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 26.883% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $1,305,948,252 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $3,498,618,939 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Uruguay’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank