People [1]

People

Population 20,903,278 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 2.823 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 87.904 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 30.607 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 53.9 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 61.577 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 1.727 billion kWh (2019) #143
Consumption 2.079 billion kWh (2019) #142
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #98
Imports 0.6 billion kWh (2019) #80
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.215 billion kWh (2020) #142

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2020) #121
Consumption 30.829 thousand bbl/day (2019) #120
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2021) #99

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #119
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #57
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85
Proved Reserves 0 trillion cu ft (2021) #100

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 23 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 19,339,109 (2018 est.)
Highways 15,304 km (2014)
Internet Users 2,723,950 (2016 est.)
Railways 622 km (2014)
Telephones 76,760 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationWestern Africa, north of Ghana
Total Area274,200 sq. km
Land Area273,800 sq. km
Water Area400 sq. km
Coastline0 km
Climatethree climate zones including a hot tropical savanna with a short rainy season in the southern half, a tropical hot semi-arid steppe climate typical of the Sahel region in the northern half, and small area of hot desert in the very north of the country bordering the Sahara Desert
TerrainMostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in the west and southeast. Occupies an extensive plateau with savanna that is grassy in the north and gradually gives way to sparse forests in the south.
Lowest PointMouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
Highest Point Tena Kourou 749 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020