• Chile proclaims full autonomy after Napoleon overthrows the king of Spain. This sparks the Chilean War of Independence which concluded in 1818 with Chile becoming an independent nation.

  • Chile gains mineral rich pacific coastline territory after it defeats Peru and Bolivia in the War of the Pacific. Taxes on the newly acquired land become a significant revenue source for the government. 

  • Large-scale mining of nitrate and copper begins, boosting the economy.

  • Chile and China sign a free-trade agreement, Beijing's first in South America.

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new