• Chile proclaims full autonomy after Napoleon overthrows the king of Spain. This sparks the Chilean War of Independence which concluded in 1818 with Chile becoming an independent nation.

  • Chile gains mineral rich pacific coastline territory after it defeats Peru and Bolivia in the War of the Pacific. Taxes on the newly acquired land become a significant revenue source for the government. 

  • Large-scale mining of nitrate and copper begins, boosting the economy.

  • Chile and China sign a free-trade agreement, Beijing's first in South America.

  • Hundreds die and widespread damage is caused as massive earthquake strikes central Chile. The 8.8 magnitude quake is the biggest to hit the country in 50 years.

  • Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru agree to scrap most of the tariffs on trade between their countries, hailing the move as an historic step towards regional integration.

  • A referendum backs rewriting the constitution, which was adopted during the rule of August Pinochet.


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