Economic Trivia

Ecuador's petroleum resources account for more than half of the country's earnings from exports.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): United States, China, and Panama
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Seafood, and Fruit & Nuts

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Petroleum; Food Processing; Textiles; Wood Products

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $192,163,176,715 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -7.75% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $10,892 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 69/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) -0.339% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $56,190,547,676 (2020)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 34.4% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) -0.949% (2008)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 15.57% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $2,564,536,773 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 8,019,239 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 29.386% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.153% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 52.461% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 6.23% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $20,506,058,000 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $22,263,995,000 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 38.647% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $974,318,496 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $1,682,179,090 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Ecuador’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank