Due to the current political unrest in Egypt, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.
(by per capita GNI) Source: The World Bank
Possible values: High Income, Upper Middle Income, Lower Middle Income and Low Income
|Lower Middle Income|
Level of Development
Source: United Nations
Possible values: Developed, In Transition and Developing
Egypt's economy relies mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism.
Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.
Top 3 Trade Partners (2018): China, United States, and Saudi Arabia
|Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook||
Textiles; Food Processing; Tourism; Chemicals
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 
|GDP, PPP (current international)||$1,145,967,044,970 (2018)|
|GDP Growth Rate (annual %)||5.314% (2018)|
|GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international)||$11,643 (2018)|
GDP Country Rank 22/196 (2018)
GDP Composition %
Economic Indicators 
|Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)||14.401% (2018)|
|External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$)||$98,704,878,246 (2018)|
|Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)||44.4% (2019)|
|Real Interest Rate (5 year average %)||-2.561% (2018)|
|Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)||16.28% (2018)|
|Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$)||($7,698,166,088) (2018)|
Labor and Employment 
|Labor Force, Total||30,828,442 (2019)|
|Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment)||23.792% (2019)|
|Employment in Industry (% of total employment)||27.68% (2019)|
|Employment in Services (% of total employment)||48.528% (2019)|
|Unemployment Rate||10.76% (2019)|
|Imports of goods and services (current US$)||$73,678,496,916 (2018)|
|Exports of goods and services (current US$)||$47,449,155,561 (2018)|
|Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP)||39.707% (2018)|
|FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$)||$8,141,300,000 (2018)|
|Commercial Service Exports (current US$)||$22,913,000,000 (2018)|
Economic Snapshot 
Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.
How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Egypt’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.