Due to the current political unrest in Egypt, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.
(by per capita GNI) Source: The World Bank
Possible values: High Income, Upper Middle Income, Lower Middle Income and Low Income
|Lower Middle Income|
Level of Development
Source: United Nations
Possible values: Developed, In Transition and Developing
Egypt's economy relies mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism.
Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.
Top 3 Trade Partners (2021): China, Saudi Arabia, and United States
|Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook||
Textiles; Food Processing; Tourism; Chemicals
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 
|GDP, PPP (current international)||$1,674,950,631,613 (2022)|
|GDP Growth Rate (annual %)||6.588% (2022)|
|GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international)||$15,091 (2022)|
GDP Country Rank 18/197 (2022)
GDP Composition %
Economic Indicators 
|Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)||13.896% (2022)|
|External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$)||$143,245,782,751 (2021)|
|Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)||44.4% (2019)|
|Real Interest Rate (5 year average %)||0.143% (2022)|
|Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)||15.971% (2022)|
|Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$)||($18,610,768,182) (2021)|
Labor and Employment 
|Labor Force, Total||31,166,284 (2022)|
|Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment)||19.829% (2021)|
|Employment in Industry (% of total employment)||29.084% (2021)|
|Employment in Services (% of total employment)||51.087% (2021)|
|Unemployment Rate||6.959% (2022)|
|Imports of goods and services (current US$)||$104,389,057,751 (2022)|
|Exports of goods and services (current US$)||$71,927,051,672 (2022)|
|Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP)||28.324% (2022)|
|FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$)||$11,399,900,000 (2022)|
|Commercial Service Exports (current US$)||$31,573,639,000 (2022)|
Economic Snapshot 
Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.
How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Egypt’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.