Due to the current political unrest in Egypt, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.
(by per capita GNI) Source: The World Bank
Possible values: High Income, Upper Middle Income, Lower Middle Income and Low Income
|Lower Middle Income|
Level of Development
Source: United Nations
Possible values: Developed, In Transition and Developing
Egypt's economy relies mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism.
Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.
Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, United States, and Saudi Arabia
|Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook||
Textiles; Food Processing; Tourism; Chemicals
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 
|GDP, PPP (current international)||$1,290,207,809,159 (2020)|
|GDP Growth Rate (annual %)||3.57% (2020)|
|GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international)||$12,608 (2020)|
GDP Country Rank 20/197 (2020)
GDP Composition %
Economic Indicators 
|Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)||5.045% (2020)|
|External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$)||$115,079,598,760 (2019)|
|Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)||44.4% (2019)|
|Real Interest Rate (5 year average %)||5.475% (2020)|
|Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)||16.193% (2020)|
|Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$)||($14,235,956,909) (2020)|
Labor and Employment 
|Labor Force, Total||29,077,255 (2020)|
|Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment)||23.286% (2020)|
|Employment in Industry (% of total employment)||28.164% (2020)|
|Employment in Services (% of total employment)||48.551% (2020)|
|Unemployment Rate||10.45% (2020)|
|Imports of goods and services (current US$)||$75,427,323,768 (2020)|
|Exports of goods and services (current US$)||$47,866,500,312 (2020)|
|Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP)||23.913% (2020)|
|FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$)||$9,010,100,000 (2019)|
|Commercial Service Exports (current US$)||$14,376,300,000 (2020)|
Economic Snapshot 
Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.
How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Egypt’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.