Due to the current political unrest in Egypt, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Economic Trivia

Egypt's economy relies mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2018): China, United States, and Saudi Arabia
Top 3 Exported Goods (2018): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Plastics, and Electrical Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Textiles; Food Processing; Tourism; Chemicals

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,145,967,044,970 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 5.314% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $11,643 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 22/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 14.401% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $98,704,878,246 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 44.4% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) -2.561% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 16.28% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($7,698,166,088) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 30,828,442 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 23.792% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 27.68% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 48.528% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 10.76% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $73,678,496,916 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $47,449,155,561 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 39.707% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $8,141,300,000 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $22,913,000,000 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Egypt’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank