Economic Trivia

The oil and gas sector supplies about 35% of government revenue.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): China, Singapore, and United States
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Electrical Machinery, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Industrial Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Rubber and Oil Palm Processing and Manufacturing; Petroleum and Natural Gas; Light Manufacturing; Pharmaceuticals

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $930,748,559,789 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 5.902% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $29,431 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 25/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.871% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $200,364,305,000 (2016)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 39.2% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 2.543% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 22.308% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $9,449,989,083 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 15,441,348 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 11.014% (2017)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 27.437% (2017)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 61.549% (2017)
Unemployment Rate 3.415% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $202,684,168,915 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $224,784,206,120 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 131.316% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $9,511,691,608 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $36,971,877,990 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Malaysia’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank