Economic Trivia

The oil sector provides for 95% of Nigeria's foreign exchange earnings and 80% of its budgetary revenues.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): India, United States, and Netherlands
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Ships & Boats, and Cocoa

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Crude Oil; Coal; Tin; Columbite

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,118,755,474,590 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 0.815% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,861 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 22/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 16.524% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $40,238,485,334 (2017)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 34.8% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 5.817% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 8.741% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $10,381,201,927 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 58,958,901 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 36.548% (2017)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 11.642% (2017)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 51.809% (2017)
Unemployment Rate 7.043% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $46,552,904,695 (2016)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $37,301,331,643 (2016)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 24.456% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $3,497,233,435 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $4,541,465,435 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Nigeria’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank