Economic Trivia

The oil sector provides for 95% of Nigeria's foreign exchange earnings and 80% of its budgetary revenues.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): India, China, and Netherlands
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Ships & Boats, and Base Metal Articles

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Crude Oil; Coal; Tin; Columbite

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,034,493,130,212 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 1.937% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,281 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 24/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 11.397% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $47,047,231,944 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 34.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 6.05% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 9.647% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($17,016,392,136) (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 59,873,795 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 35.098% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 12.233% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 52.669% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 8.096% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $69,551,804,541 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $61,552,169,213 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 26.066% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $1,997,485,165 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $4,351,053,349 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Nigeria’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank