Economic Trivia

Saudi Arabia is the world's largest petroleum exporter.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, United States, and United Arab Emirates
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Plastics, and Organic Chemicals

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Crude Oil Production; Petroleum Refining; Basic Petrochemicals; Ammonia

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,627,982,385,781 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -4.107% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $46,762 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 17/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.445% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 15.7% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) Data unavailable
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 12.966% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($19,646,832,585) (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 14,455,587 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 2.309% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 24.794% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 72.897% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 8.22% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $169,846,813,886 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $184,429,491,030 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 43.742% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $4,562,573,671 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $9,637,203,047 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Saudi Arabia’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank