Key Figures

Chief of State:
Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Iakoba Italeli
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Enele Sosene Sopoaga


Government Name:
Adopted: 1978; Establishes Tuvalu as a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and dictates the structure of government in terms of the sovereign, head of state, and parliament.
Government Type:
Parliamentary Democracy
Tuvalu Flag
Coat of Arms of Tuvalu

Index of Economic Freedom

There is no Index of Economic Freedom rating for Tuvalu

Country Risk Rating

There is no Country Risk Rating for Tuvalu

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

Governor-General represents the queen and is head of state, appoints cabinet on advice from prime minister. Prime Minister is in charge of executory tasks of the government, advises monarch on governor-general.

Governor General is appointed by parliament and prime minister is elected by parliament.

Governor general: Until dismissal by parliament; Prime Minister: Until dismissal by Governor-General


High Court of Tuvalu is independent of the government and the supreme court of the land having unlimited jurisdiction.

Chief Justice of High Court is appointed from a different Commonwealth country.

Until resignation


Parliament of Tuvalu (Palamene o Tuvalu) elects prime minister, in charge of creating legislature, policies & budgets.

Parliament (Fale I Fono) members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

No Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets