Economic Trivia

An estimated 79% of Afghans are dependent on agriculture and related agribusinesses for their livelihoods.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2018): Pakistan, Iran, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2018): Fruit & Nuts, Gums & Resins, and Oil & Mineral Fuels

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Small-Scale Production of Bricks; Textiles; Soap; Furniture

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $82,736,859,540 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 1.031% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $2,226 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 97/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 4.976% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $2,605,357,558 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 71.4% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 12.643% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 11.103% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($3,730,272,586) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 10,699,525 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 42.839% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.162% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 38.999% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 11.118% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $9,153,344,064 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $1,192,286,469 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 42.824% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $119,435,106 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $621,045,043 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Afghanistan’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank