Economic Trivia

An estimated 79% of Afghans are dependent on agriculture and related agribusinesses for their livelihoods.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): Pakistan, Iran, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Fruit & Nuts, Gums & Resins, and Oil Seeds

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Small-Scale Production of Bricks; Textiles; Soap; Furniture

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $70,367,900,202 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.596% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $1,981 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 100/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 4.38% (2016)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $2,551,782,760 (2017)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 71.4% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 9.395% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 11.308% (2016)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($4,683,106,146) (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 10,937,230 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 62.195% (2017)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 6.694% (2017)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 31.111% (2017)
Unemployment Rate 8.837% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $9,544,683,716 (2016)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $1,342,632,358 (2016)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 40.739% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $53,390,000 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $284,549,938 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Afghanistan’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank