Due to political unrest, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Economic Trivia

An estimated 79% of Afghans are dependent on agriculture and related agribusinesses for their livelihoods.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): Pakistan, Iran, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Fruit & Nuts, Gums & Resins, and Vegetables

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Small-Scale Production of Bricks; Textiles; Soap; Furniture

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $67,125,058,170 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -20.7% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $1,674 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 110/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.302% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $3,530,754,340 (2021)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 71.4% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 12.141% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 9.061% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($3,136,733,353) (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 9,390,149 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 45.983% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.481% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 35.535% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 13.283% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $9,153,344,064 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $1,192,286,469 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 40.95% (2022)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $20,600,976 (2021)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $597,448,826 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Afghanistan’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank