Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Ashraf Ghani
Head of Government:
President Ashraf Ghani

Overview

Government Name:
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Constitution:
Adopted: 2004; There were previous 1747 and 1923 versions. The 2004 Constitution evolved out of the Afghan Constitution which was mandated by the Bonn Agreement. It overviews the structure of the Afghan government and territory associated with its individual provinces.
Government Type:
Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Flag
Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

E
The highest-risk political and economic situation and the most difficult business environment. Corporate default is likely. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1
Executive

The president has power over the military and legislative affairs and serves as the head of state. The vice president has the second highest political position obtainable in Afghanistan.

The president is elected by an absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Vice presidential candidates are appointed by the president then elected by direct popular vote.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest judicial branch of the government and head of the judiciary power. The supreme court is managed based on law by the chief of supreme court, members, high council of the supreme court, general administration directorate of the judicial power, and some professional and administration sections.

The nine justices on the tribunal are appointed by the president, with the approval of the Wolesi Jirga, the lower house of the nation's legislature. The president selects one of the nine members to serve as chief justice.

10 years

Legislative

The House of Elders primarily has an advisory role rather than a maker of law but also has some veto power. The House of People creates and ratifies laws as well as approves the actions of the president.

The House of Elders has 102 members: 34 elected by regional legislatures, 34 elected by regional legislatures for shorter terms, and 34 elected by the president. The House of People is elected through the single non-transferable voting (SNTV) system.

House of Elders: 34 elected for 3 years, 34 for 4 years, and the remaining 34 for 5 years; House of People: 5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available

Sources:

  1. ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
  2. EY, http://www.ey.com
  3. CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/