Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Htin Kyaw
Head of Government:
President Htin Kyaw


Government Name:
Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Adopted: 2008; Was voted on by a public referendum in attempt to slowly transition Burma into a democracy, although opposing authorities consider it to be more of a tool for maintaining military control of Burma. The structure of government, its powers, and elections are detailed in depth. However, revisions in state structure were not implemented until August 2010.
Government Type:
Parliamentary Government
Republic of the Union of Myanmar Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president appoints the cabinet, nominates judges, is the commander-in-chief of armed forces, and is in charge of executory tasks of the government.

The president is elected by the parliament from among three vice presidents of the different parliamentary houses.

5 years


The supreme court is the highest court of the land.

The chief justice and judges are nominated by the president with approval of the Pythu Hlattaw.

Mandatory retirement age of 70


The legislative branch is in charge of creating legislature and confirms the president's nominations.

Members of the house of nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw) are elected on basis of township and population. Members of the house of representatives (Pythu Hluttaw) are directly elected equally from regions and states.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets