• The first Anglo-Burmese war ends with the Treaty of Yandabo, after Burma agreed to cede the Arkan coastal strip to British India. 

  • Britain wins the second Anglo-Burmese war and takes lower Burms.

  • Following the third and last Anglo-Burmese war, Britain takes control of Mondalay and makes Burma a province of British India.

  • Britain separates Burma from India and makes it a crown colony. 

  • During World War II, Japan occupies Burma with help from a Japanese trained army known as the Burma Independence Army. Eventually the Burma Independence Army becomes the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) and resists Japanese rule. 

  • Britain, with the help from the AFPFL, frees Burma from Japanese occupation.

  • Burma becomes independent.
  • Burma becomes a found member of the Movement of Non-Aligned States, along with Indonesia, India, Yugosalvia, and Egypt.

  • Following a military coup, the economy becomes nationalized. 

  • After the military transferred power to the Burma Socialist Program Party in 1974, the BSPP decided to alter some of the economic policies to save the country's weakening economy. This included currency devaluation, which wiped off many people's savings, triggering anti-government riots.

  • The US imposed sanctions on the Burmese government following many human rights violations in Burma.

  • The military regime renamed Burma to Myanmar, and the capital, Rangoon, becomes Yangon.

  • The Burmese government signs a deal with a consortium of four foreign firms to pipe natural gas into neighboring China

  • The US government offers "the hand of friendship" in return for more reforms in the country. 

  • The US ends all sanctions on Burma following the advances to democracy in Burma. 

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new