People [1]

People

Population 5,541,696 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 0.22 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 62.874 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 85.596 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 1.9 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.132 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 69.62 billion kWh (2021) #44
Consumption 83.69 billion kWh (2021) #36
Exports 6.71 billion kWh (2021) #27
Imports 24 billion kWh (2021) #10
Renewable Electricity Generation 37.45 billion kWh (2021) #29

Oil

Ranking
Production 16.74 thousand bbl/day (2021) #80
Consumption 179.17 thousand bbl/day (2021) #60
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 226.1 thousand bbl/day (2013) #29
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2021) #99

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 85.43 billion cu ft (2020) #81
Exports (Dry) 6.397 billion cu ft (2020) #47
Imports (Dry) 92.12 billion cu ft (2020) #52
Proved Reserves 0 trillion cu ft (2021) #100

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 148 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 7,150,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 454,000 km (2012)
Internet Users 4,822,132 (2016 est.)
Railways 5,926 km (2016)
Telephones 323,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationNorthern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia
Total Area338,145 sq. km
Land Area303,815 sq. km
Water Area34,330 sq. km
Coastline1,250 km
Climatecold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
Terrainmostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills
Lowest PointBaltic Sea 0 m
Highest Point Haltiatunturi 1,328 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020