- Chief of State:
- President Sauli Niinistö
- Head of Government:
- Prime Minister Antti Rinne
- Government Name:
- Republic of Finland
- Adopted: 2000; Defines the basis, structures, and organization of government, the relationship between different constitutional bodies, and also elaborates upon the fundamental rights of Finnish citizens.
- Government Type:
Index of Economic Freedom
Country Risk Rating
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle 1|
The executive branch handles foreign affairs (except for certain international agreements and decisions of peace or war), approves laws, may call extraordinary parliamentary sessions, and resides over the armed forces.
The president is elected by an absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of parliament.
The judicial branch rules on important points of law in cases which are significant for the entire legal order, guiding the administration of justice in future cases.
Supreme court and supreme administrative court judges are appointed by the president of the republic.
Mandatory retirement at 65
The legislative branch may alter the constitution, bring about the resignation of the Government, and override presidential vetoes.
The parliament has 200 members elected by open-list proportional representation.
Regional Trade Blocs
International Organization Participation 
Environmental Agreements 
Tax Information 
- Tax Authority:
- Finnish Ministry of Finance and National Board of Taxes
- Tax Name:
- ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
- EY, http://www.ey.com
- CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
- U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/