Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Ali Bongo Ondimba
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Alain Claude Bilie-By-Nze


Government Name:
Gabonese Republic
Adopted: 1961; Rewritten in 1991, establishes a republican form of government with strong presidential powers, contains provisions of a bill of rights and a council that protects those rights.
Government Type:
Gabonese Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Gabonese Republic

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president is the head of state and has strong powers. The president appoints and can dismiss the prime minister, cabinet, and judges of supreme court and has authority to dissolve the national assembly and delay legislation. The prime minister is in charge of government day to day execution operations.

The president is elected by plurality vote.

7 years


The judicial branch upholds the constitution and is the highest court of the land.

Constitutional court judges are appointed as follows: 3 by the national president, 3 by the president of the senate, and 3 by the president of the national assembly.

7 years


The legislative branch is in charge of making laws.

The senate is elected by members of municipal councils and departmental assemblies. The national assembly is elected by majority vote in single member constituencies.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets